Monday, November 14, 2016

The benefits of clear communications (“Global Brand Simplicity Index 2013” by Siegel+Gale)

Based on interviews with 10,000+ consumers in 7 countries, the Simplicity Index evaluated the simplicity of 500+ brands. Conclusion: Simplicity pays. (Download PDF)

[1] “Complicated processes + unclear communications = frustrated customers”

[2] What is the impact of simplicity on businesses, on customer, and on employees?
On businesses: Higher customer loyalty (75% will tell other people about the brand).

On customers: Greater willingness to pay (for simpler experiences, people would pay up to 5.9% more)

On employees: Increased employee motivation (companies that articulate a purpose simply and make it a central purpose for employees foster innovation.)

Sunday, November 13, 2016

Differences between American English and British English

For a fuller understanding of the differences between American and British English, please read the following articles:
American and British English differences from Wikipedia;
Differences Between American and British English from

Wednesday, November 9, 2016

Free online books library for students, teachers, and the classic enthusiast

Read Print offers over 8,000 absolutely free online books by 3,500 authors at your fingertips.

Categories: Essays, Fiction, Non-Fiction, Plays, Poetry, Short Stories

Top Authors: Agatha Christie, Charles Dickens, Edgar Allan Poe, George Orwell, Jane Austen, Louisa May Alcott, Mark Twain, O Henry, Oscar Wilde, Robert Frost, William Shakespeare

Top Books: 1984, Animal Farm, Hamlet, Jane Eyre, Paradise Lost, Peter Pan, Pride and Prejudice, The Canterbury Tales, The Great Gatsby, The Invisible Man

Saturday, November 5, 2016

Learn English Through Song

Learn English Through Song helps young adults at high school to university levels learn to speak, practice listening, develop vocabulary or just sing along like karaoke and have fun as they study more than a hundred songs from John Denver, Loggins and Messina, James Taylor, Elton John, CSNY, Simon and Garfunkel, Abba, etc. (from Teacher Frank’s Learn to Speak English Here and Now, with free song lyrics and practice exercises)

Wednesday, November 2, 2016

Daily Pronunciation

Daily Pronunciation, with more free videos on vocabulary, American slang and idioms with pronunciation help from Sozo Exchange (the place where professional adults can learn English and exchange knowledge for free; download sample Study Guide)

Monday, October 31, 2016

Rules for good writing by Frank L. Visco

Notes: (1) Originally published in the June 1986 issue of Writers’ digest; (2) The author intentionally violates the rules he prescribes in order to make his point.
  1. Avoid Alliteration. Always.
  2. Prepositions are not words to end sentences with.
  3. Avoid cliches like the plague. (They’re old hat.)
  4. Employ the vernacular.
  5. Eschew ampersands & abbreviations, etc.
  6. Parenthetical remarks (however relevant) are unnecessary.
  7. It is wrong to ever split an infinitive.
  8. Contractions aren’t necessary.
  9. Foreign words and phrases are not apropos.
  10. One should never generalize.
  11. Eliminate quotations. As Ralph Waldo Emerson once said, “I hate quotations. Tell me what you know.”
  12. Comparisons are as bad as clichés.
  13. Don’t be redundant; don’t use more words than necessary; it’s highly superfluous.
  14. Profanity sucks.
  15. Be more or less specific.
  16. Understatement is always best.
  17. Exaggeration is a billion times worse than understatement.
  18. One word sentences? Eliminate.
  19. Analogies in writing are like feathers on a snake.
  20. The passive voice is to be avoided.
  21. Go around the barn at high noon to avoid colloquialisms.
  22. Even if a mixed metaphor sings, it should be derailed.
  23. Who needs rhetorical questions?

Sunday, October 30, 2016

William Safire’s rules for writers

Notes: (1)  To illustrate his point, Safire intentionally violates the rules he prescribes; (2) This blog is AnswerTips-enabled; double click any word and a pop-up window will appear with the definition, pronunciation audio,word tutor, misspellings, antonyms, rhymes, Wikipedia and translations.)

  1. Parenthetical words however must be enclosed in commas.
  2. It behooves you to avoid archaic expressions.
  3. Avoid archaeic spellings too.
  4. Don’t repeat yourself, or say again what you have said before.
  5. Don’t use commas, that, are not, necessary.
  6. Do not use hyperbole; not one in a million can do it effectively.
  7. Never use a big word when a diminutive alternative would suffice.
  8. Subject and verb always has to agree.
  9. Placing a comma between subject and predicate, is not correct.
  10. Use youre spell chekker to avoid mispeling and to catch typograhpical errers.
  11. Don’t repeat yourself, or say again what you have said before.
  12. Use the apostrophe in it’s proper place and omit it when its not needed.
  13. Don’t never use no double negatives.
  14. Poofread carefully to see if you any words out.
  15. Hopefully, you will use words correctly, irregardless of how others use them.
  16. Eschew obfuscation.
  17. No sentence fragments.
  18. Don’t indulge in sesquipedalian lexicological constructions.
  19. A writer must not shift your point of view.
  20. Don’t overuse exclamation marks!!
  21. Place pronouns as close as possible, especially in long sentences, as of 10 or more words, to their antecedents.
  22. Writing carefully, dangling participles must be avoided.
  23. If any word is improper at the end of a sentence, a linking verb is.
  24. Avoid trendy locutions that sound flaky.
  25. Everyone should be careful to use a singular pronoun with singular nouns in their writing.
  26. Always pick on the correct idiom.
  27. The adverb always follows the verb.
  28. Take the bull by the hand and avoid mixing metaphors.
  29. If you reread your work, you can find on rereading a great deal of repetition can be by rereading and editing.
  30. And always be sure to finish what

Saturday, October 29, 2016

Using plain language on a government website; free website design and usability book

Free website usability guidelines book, from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

Throughout your Web design or redesign project, you should take advantage of what is already known about best practices for each step of the process. The Research-Based Web Design & Usability Guidelines (PDF, 20.64MB) brings you these best practices compiled through an extensive process of research and review. (From

You can also download specific sections of the book:

Wednesday, October 26, 2016

Online diagnostic / assessment tests

Test your English now (vocabulary, grammar, listening and reading (cloze test)

Free online, interactive exercises in grammar, vocabulary and discourse, from Language Project (approved by the British Council)
Elementary English Practice Exercises
Intermediate English Practice Exercises
Advanced English Practice Exercises
Free Online TOEFL, English and Multi-Language Vocabulary Test, from
Designed for multi-language vocabulary tests (Chinese, Spanish, Turkish, etc) and for English exams like TOEFL, iBT, GRE, SAT and TOEIC
Online Assessment Tests, from World English
Diagnostic Grammar Test
English Grammar Placement Test
English Language Assessment Test
Online English Assessment Tests
Diagnostic tests / Assessment tests on English grammar, from

Assessment Tests, from Churchill House School of English Language
Elementary Level
Intermediate Level
Upper-Intermediate Level (FCE)
Advanced Level (CAE)
Free online practice tests for learners of English, from Exam English (IELTS, TOEFL, TOEIC, Cambridge ESOL, LTE and others; also available in French and Spanish)

International House Bristol offers hundreds of free online, interactive exercises in grammar, vocabulary and phrases (elementary level for A2 to B1 on the Common European Framework, intermediate for B1 to B2 CEF, advanced for C1 to C2 CEF), useful expressions and Cambridge ESOL exercises with optional time limit for FCE (First Certificate in English), CAE (Certificate of Advanced English) and CPE (Certificate of Proficiency in English).

Saturday, October 22, 2016

English for Special / Specific Purposes

"English for Specific Purposes (ESP), not to be confused with specialized English, is a sphere of teaching English language including Business English, Technical English, Scientific English, English for medical professionals, English for waiters, English for tourism, English for Purposes, etc." (from Wikipedia). Please read also “English for Specific Purposes: What does it mean? Why is it different?” by Laurence Anthony of the Okayama University of Science, Japan.

[01] Free vocabulary exercises and activities for the hospitality and tourism industry, from
Whether you work in a hotel in Dubai, a restaurant in Paris, or a resort in Bangkok, chances are that you will have to speak English to some of your customers. This website is for anyone who works in restaurants, hotels, cafes, airports, and anywhere else where you might have to talk to customers in English. All of the exercises are free. This website is part of the excellent family of websites.
Food and Beverage (restaurants, cafes, catering, etc.) Hotel Industry (hotels, resorts, spas, etc.) Travel / Tourism (travel agents, tour guides, flight attendants, etc.) Politeness Training (the right way to speak to customers/guests in English)

[02] Learn English Professionals (British Council) can help you reach your professional aspirations by developing your English skills and helping you prepare for English language exams with its online test to see what level your English is according to the six levels outlined in the European Framework. Various sections include:
Maritime English English for Engineers English for Journalists English for Finance Legal English English for Tourism

You can also practice your English with grammar movies or listen and watch Sanjeev use English in the workplace with the J@m movies, its cartoon series practicing English through work in a web design company. With the Specialist vocabulary builder (choose between Medical, Legal, IT, Marketing and Financial words), you can learn or test yourself on up to 100 words in each category). Choose the level of difficulty and start learning. Specialist Vocabbuilder uses the Collins Cobuild dictionary to create exercises just for you; the exercises are different every time. Start Specialist Vocabbuilder now.

[03] Using English for Academic Purposes: A Guide for Students in Higher Education, by Andy Gillett
Academic WritingAccuracy in EAP
English Language Assessment and Support for University Courses
Listening Comprehension and Note-TakingReading Speaking in Academic Contexts Vocabulary in EAP

[04] ESP resources from OWL Purdue
Writing in Engineering (conducting and presenting research, writing reports and journal articles)
Medical Writing (original research articles and samples produced for a lay-population audience)
Writing in Nursing
Writing in the Social Sciences (social work, psychology, etc.)
Professional, Technical Writing (memoranda, business letters, reports, and scientific abstracts)
Writing in Literature
(literary terms, literary theory and schools of criticism, writing book reviews)
Creative Writing (writing poetry, fiction, and creative nonfiction)
Journalism and Journalistic Writing
[05] Writing Guidelines for Engineering and Science Students (advice, models, and exercises for common writing and speaking assignments in science and engineering; contributors: Penn State, Georgia Tech, University of Illinois, University of Texas, and Virginia Tech)
Introduction: Assessing the Audience; Selecting the Format; Crafting the Style
Presentations: Design of Presentation Slides; Design of Scientific Posters
Correspondence: Memos; Letters; Electronic mail; Job Letters and Résumés; Correspondence Exercise
Formal Reports: Laboratory Reports; Design Reports; Progress Reports; Theses and Dissertations
Other Documents: Proposals; Instructions; Journal Articles

Qedoc is a learning object repository, documentation centre and forum for author collaboration. The learning object repository has free, editable, redistributable, interoperable educational resources, based around interactive quizzes, with1,210 articles currently available). e-learning resources are available in Danish, Dutch, French, German, Greek, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, and Spanish. eLearning resources include English, Mathematics, Geography, History, Languages, Science, Medicine, Computing and Business.

[06] Medical English (for doctors, nurses, physical therapists, radiologists, pharmacists, health professionals, etc), from Qedoc
Medical English - An Introduction to Basic Human Anatomy - Jumbled Sentences
Medical English - Drug Therapy - Latin Terms and Abbreviations
Medical English - Nursing
Medical English - Nursing - Arithmetic Problems
Medical English - Nursing - Clock Tasks
Medical English - Nursing - Drug Information - Jumbled Sentences
Medical English - Nursing - Grammar - Multiple Choice Test
Medical English - Nursing - Pair matching
Medical English - Nursing - Prefixes
Medical English - Ob/Gyn - Multiple Choice Test
Medical English - Ob/Gyn - Pair Matching
Medical English - Occupational Medicine
Medical English - Occupational Medicine - Multiple Choice Test
Medical English - Occupational Medicine - Multiple Choice Test - Word Combinations
Medical English - Psychiatric Nursing - Pair Matching
Medical English - Psychiatric Rehabilitation - Jumbled Sentences
Medical English - Psychiatric Rehabilitation - Multiple Choice Test
Medical English - The Human Skeleton
Medical English - Word Formation A
Medical English - Word Formation B - D
Medical English - Word Formation C
Medical English - Word Formation H - K
Medical English - Word Formation L - M
Medical English - Word Formation N - O Medical English - Word Formation P - Q Medical English - Word Formation R - S
Medical English - Word Formation T
Medical English - Word Formation U - Z

[07] English for the medical professional, from (free resources for medical professionals like doctors, nurses, physical therapists, radiologists, physician assistants, pharmacists, etc, studying English and medical printables for teachers; with medical vocabulary builders and pronunciation guide, patient counseling activities, disease state directors, healthcare professional articles, medical flashcards, hospital lesson plans, and ESP worksheets)

[08] English for Medical Purposes, from (dialogues for various situations in a medical setting like doctor - patient, nurse - patient and administrative situations)
English for Medical Purposes - Dental Hygiene English for Medical Purposes - Dental Check-up Business English - Deliveries and Suppliers English for Medical Purposes - Joint Pain English for Medical Purposes - Troubling Symptoms English for Medical Purposes - Patient Details English for Medical Purposes - Feeling Queasy English for Medical Purposes - A Prescription English for Medical Purposes - Pain that Comes and Goes English for Medical Purposes - A Physical Examination

[09] Vocabulary activities and resources, from Michael Buckhoff (topics include Picture Vocabulary, Professions and Tools)

[10] Business English Vocabulary Lessons, from Business English Grammar Lessons (Pearson Brown)

[11] Vocabulary exercises to practice phrases used in business, from English Exercises Online

[12] Selected ESL Exercises for Business English students, from
Business English Money idioms Quiz - Test your knowledge of money idioms
Business negotiations: Learn phrases and words related to business negotiations
Business companies quiz: Quiz about business companies
Culture questionnaire: Test our knowledge of other cultures and know why some people fail when they do business in other cultures.
Do or make business? Take this quiz and learn the difference in use between "do" and "make", study verb-noun collocations
Law and courts ESL vocabulary quiz. A matching quiz about words related to law and courts
ESL quiz: Confusing words Lend or Borrow: Quiz to help you differentiate between the use of lend and borrow.
Business English Money and banking quiz: Test your knowledge of banking and money words.
Who is in charge?: Quiz about describing responsibilities in a company. Talking about responsibilities.
Money money money: Quiz about money phrases

[13] Free vocabulary training and exercises in accounting, finance, sales and marketing, project management, information technology and more, from
I.T. (Information Technology) and other computer-related work
Medical English for doctors and patientsGeneral Business English
Sales and Marketing
Accounting, Banking and Finance
Other Business English exercises

[14] Business English Vocabulary for English for Special Purposes, from (vocabulary reference lists of key words and phrases for advertising, banking and stocks, bookkeeping and financial administration, business and commercial letters, human resources, insurance, legal, logistics, marketing, production and manufacturing and sales and acquisitions)

Business and Commercial Letters - Core Vocabulary Sales and Acquisitions - Core Vocabulary Production and Manufacturing - Core Vocabulary Logistics - Core Vocabulary Marketing Sector - Core Vocabulary Insurance Industry - Core Vocabulary Human Resources - Core Vocabulary English for Legal Purposes - Core Vocabulary Bookkeeping and Financial Administration - Core Vocabulary Banking and Stocks - Core Vocabulary Banking and Business Abbreviations Advertising Industry - Core Vocabulary Emphatic Expressions - Strong Collocations Idiom and Expression Resources Improve Your Vocabulary Customer Service - Dealing with Complaints Driver Education - DMV - Key Vocabulary Job Interview Vocabulary Leading a Meeting Participating in a Meeting Phrasal Verbs: MONEY

[15] English for Business, Work and other Special Purposes, from (Adult Education English for special purposes including Business, commercial, financial, legal, insurance and human resources sectors as well as help with resumes, job interviews and cover letters; resources include:

English for Medical Purpose Business English Writing for resumes, letters and documents Business Reading comprehension exercises Business Speaking Skills for the workplace Business English Vocabulary Business Meetings and Presentations Business English Lesson Plans for ESP and Vocational English Job Interviewing Business English Role Plays - Dialogues Business English Level Test (100 question test to discover your business English mastery level)

[16] Free, quick 30-minute business English exercises (with audio), from Blair English

Meetings; CV and Interviews; Numbers and Figures; Emails; Presentations; Projects; Verbs and Phrasal Verbs; Social English; General Business Vocab; Negotiations; Food & Drink

[17] Business English Pod (download more video lessons and transcripts from

[18] VOA Special English: interactive Wordbook (hear English words, their definitions and example dialogues by actual native English speakers to help you understand how the word is used in conversation, with special sections on Health and Business)

[19] Postcript is a self-study magazine for learners of Business English by Marcus Evans Linguarama with exercises on reading, writing, grammar, pronunciation, style, vocabulary and usage. Each exercise has an answer key so that you can correct your work yourself online. Each issue has a theme on which many of the exercises are based, for example, Sales, Personnel or Banking.

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Spelling: discussions and interactive exercises

[01] Spelling and Word Choice, from East Tennessee State University

[02] Spelling Rules, from English Club
Adding -er / -est (quick, quicker, quickest, happy, happier, happiest, hot, hotter, hottest...)
Adding -ing / -ed (work, working, worked, stop, stopping, stopped...)
Adding -ly (loud, loudly, happy, happily, terrible, terribly...)
Adding -s
-ible or -able (accessible, visible, dependable, networkable...)
-ie- or -ei- (friend, fiend, feint, freight...)
English and American English (colour, color, practise, practice, tyre, tire...)
[03] The Spelling Zone, from English-Zone.Com
Note: Listed below are the publicly-accessed exercises and activities. You have to join in order to avail of all the resources in this website.

Adding Word Endings
ADDING -ED and -ING (index to all exercises)
Adding -ED to Verbs 01
Adding -ING to Verbs 01
ADDING -S and -ES (index page to all exercises)
Spelling Plural Nouns 06 - Chart (Irregular Plurals List)
Spelling Plural Nouns 01 (Plural Nouns I)
ADDING OTHER ENDINGS (index to all exercises)
Spelling Adverbs With -LY 01

(Index page to all exercises )
Capital Letters Lesson: NAMES
Capital Letters Quiz: NAMES
Comparatives & Superlatives: BIG-BIGGER-BIGGEST, AS...AS (Index to all exercises)
Comparatives 01 Comparatives - one syllable words
Contractions: I + am = I'm, There + is = There's, etc. (Index to all exercises)
Contractions: Negative Modals (Contractions Practice #2)
Your or You're? 01 Confusing Words - Your / You're
Contractions: Subject + Be Verb Contractions Practice #1 - to BE Verb

(Index page to all exercises)
Possessive Nouns with Apostrophe S General Rules for Making POSSESSIVE NOUNS
Spelling Practice, Take some practice spelling quizzes (index to all exercises)
Beginning Spelling Lesson + Quiz BEGINNING SPELLING 1
Advanced Spelling Quiz 01 ADVANCED SPELLING Quiz 1
[04] Spell Check (with Easy and Hard categories), from Funbrain

[05] Complete List of Spelling Rules for Nouns and Verbs by Susan Jones (Georgia State University)
Rules for Irregular Plural Formation of Nouns
List of Irregular Nouns
Rules for Irregular Spelling of Verb Inflections
[06] Spelling, from HyperGrammar (University of Ottawa)
Spelling words with "ei" and "ie"
Review: "ei" and "ie"
Spelling final "y" before a suffix
Review: final "y" before a suffix
Final Silent "e"
Review: Final Silent "e"
Spelling Words with Double Consonants
Review: Double Consonants
[07] Spelling Practice, Levels 1 to 5 (about one hundred interactive spelling exercises), from Interlink Language Center

[08] Spelling, from Interesting Things for ESL Students
Note: This excellent website by Charles I. Kelly and Lawrence E. Kelly has the most number of activities and exercises in spelling among the sites we have checked out. Listed below are just some representative examples. Visit this website to avail of the other spelling activities and exercises.

Spelling and Typing Games: Type the word before you run out of time.
Catch the Spelling: Catch the letters in the correct order.
Word Based Games for ESL Students (Flash Player version 5 or newer)
Spelling / Vocabulary Quizzes: 151 quizzes covering over 1,500 words
Crossword Puzzles: Doing crossword puzzles may help your spelling
English Vocabulary: Some of the activities listed on this page are good for spelling practice
[09] Spelling (Misspelled words in English), from Learning English Online, (English version)
Spelling - Fill-in Exercise 1
Spelling - Fill-in Exercise 2
Spelling - Fill-in Exercise 3
Spelling - Fill-in Exercise 4
[10] Spelling Practice (347 Spelling/word form errors), from Michael Buckhoff's ESL Website for Students and Teachers
Spelling List One
Spelling List Two
Spelling List Three
Spelling List Four
Spelling List Five
Spelling List Six
Spelling List Seven
Spelling List Eight
Spelling List Nine
Spelling List Ten
Spelling List Eleven
Spelling List Twelve
Spelling List Thirteen
Spelling List Fourteen
Spelling List Fifteen
Spelling List Sixteen
Spelling List Seventeen
Spelling List Eighteen
Spelling List Nineteen
[11] 50 commonly misspelled words, from Spelling test by Mindy McAdams

[12] Spelling rules and exercises, from OWL English Purdue Grammar and ESL Exercises
I / E Spelling Rules: Exercise 1
I / E Spelling Rules: Exercise 2
I / E Spelling Rules: Exercise 3
I / E Spelling Rules: Exercise 4
[13] Free online spell checker (up to 20,000 characters), from

[14] Spelling It Right - Learn To Spell Confidently, by Roger Smith (British English)
Note: This great website offers lessons and activities in spelling including Syllables, Consonant Blends, Prefixes, Suffixes, Word endings, Vowels, Words in Science, Maths, English, Geography, Plurals, Memorizing Strategies, Word games, Wordsearches. Listed below are the Interactive Hangman games from this site.
Hangman: suffixes -able and -ible practice
Hangman: the i before e rule
Hangman: words starting bl, br, cr, cl, dr
Hangman: words starting fl, fr, gr, gl
Hangman: words starting ch, k, ph and g
Hangman: words starting wh, c or sc
Hangman: words starting pl and pr
Hangman: words which have the "magic" e
Hangman: words ending -er, -or and –ar
Hangman: words starting sc, sh, sl, sm, sn, sp, squ, st, and sw
Hangman: plurals of words ending –y
[15] Often Misspelled Words in English, from
100 Most Often Misspelled Words in English
150 More Often Misspelled Words In English
[16] Word Cup (an international, online vocabulary competition for all ages, students and adults, sponsored among others by Oxford University Press), from eSpindle
eSpindle is a non-profit organization offering customized vocabulary tutoring online. It is supported through memberships, and memberships are matched with free licenses for disadvantaged students. Other services and resources offered by eSpindle:

Practice quiz for the Word Cup (Choose between easy, average and hard words; quiz updated twice a month)
Free, moderated online spelling bee and Word Cup forum (exchange ideas, make friends, find encouragement)
Root word directory (prefixes, root words and suffixes)
Fun trivia about the English language and learning
Facts and statistics about literacy in the US
[17] SpellCheckPlus, from Dr. Terry Nadasdi (University of Alberta, Canada) and Dr. Stefan Sinclair
A tool for writing in English that identifies spelling errors and common grammatical problems. It is able to detect problems with words that sound the same (e.g.: there versus their, its versus it's, etc.), incorrect use of correct words (e.g.: never mined instead of never mind), punctuation / spacing (e.g.: with out instead of without), capitalization (e.g.: saturday instead of Saturday) and hundreds of grammatical errors, e.g.: I have went instead of I have gone. The site is particularly adept at catching commonly confused words and "slips of the pen", e.g.: pier pressure instead of the correct peer pressure, road to hoe instead of the correct row to hoe, etc.

Monday, October 17, 2016

Writing: discussions and interactive exercises

[01] ABC’s of the Writing Process
Provides user friendly online resource for teachers and students in each of the five steps of the writing process – Prewriting, Writing, Revising, Editing and Publishing
[02] Easily confused words, from A Guide To Writing in English, by Online English Grammar
Words easily confused when writing English, with word pairs, definitions, examples and sound files
[03] Amy Lynn's Poetry Pages
Tools and information that inspire and equips young poets to be better and more thoughtful writers, and how to get rid of writer’s block through structured exercises
[04] BBC Kids News
Kids news from the British Broadcasting Company out of the United Kingdom, providing young readers with a world view of the news
[05] CBC 4 Kids
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation's web site for kids with news, sports, homework help and discussion area, primarily for Canadian kids but includes a Latin news section
[06] Young Writers' Clubhouse, from Deborah Morris
Encouragement for young writers by author of the Real Kids, Real Adventures series
[07] English Writing for ESL learners, from
The English Alphabet
Use of Large Letters (Capitals)Spelling Rules
Spelling variations in English and American English.
English Punctuation Hyphenation
[08] Writing – How to write English Texts, from English Grammar Online 4 U
Essays & Presentations
General Information on Writing English Texts
General Information on Spoken Texts
SummariesComments (Stating Your Opinions)
Reviews (Films and Books)PresentationBusiness English Business Letter (Structure)
Business Letter (Generator)
Cover Letter
Curriculum Vitae, CV, Resume
Other Topics: Stylistic Devices, Rhetorical Devices; Definitions; Picture Description
[09] Writers' Window, from English Online
Provides guides to writing stories, poems, reviews, and research papers, and features Continuous Stories and selected writings of children and teenagers (aged from 5 to 18)
[10] Writing Techniques, from English On The Run
The Paragraph; How to Write a Paragraph; Transitional Signals; Punctuation Rules; Capitalization Rules; The Essay
[11] The Writing Index, from English Works! Gallaudet University
The Writing Process
Prewriting, Writing, and Revising
Paraphrasing, Quoting, and Avoiding Plagiarism

Types of Writing
Research Papers, Citations and Reference Formats
Abstracts and Summaries
Lab Reports
Business English
[12] Essay Writing Center, from Essay Info
Basics of Essay Writing:: Outline, Thesis, Introduction, Body, Conclusion;

Writing Guides: Articles, Free Essays, Writing Tips, Style Guide

Essay Types: 5-paragraph Essay, Admission Essay, Argumentative Essay, Cause And Effect Essay, Classification Essay, Comparison Essay, Critical Essay, Deductive Essay, Definition Essay, Exploratory Essay, Expository Essay, Informal Essay, Literature Essay, Narrative Essay, Personal Essay, Persuasive Essay, Research Essay, Response Essay, Scholarship Essay

Citation Styles: MLA, APA, Turabian, ChicagoPresentation Writing: Organization, Mechanics, Text, Visual Aids, 7 Things to RememberBusiness Writing: Resume Writing, Cover Letter Writing
Free preview of sample essays, with the rest requiring paid subscription
[14] For Kids: Secrets and Surprises about Writing
Children's book author Pamela Jane tells how she gets ideas for writing
[15] Principles of Good Composition, from Guide To Grammar and Writing
With comprehensive discussions on various levels (Sentence, Paragraph and Essay), Paragraph Level, Sentence Variety, Consistency of Tense and Pronoun Reference;Sentence-Combining Skills; Coherence and Transitions; Paragraph Development Essay Level

Principles of Composition: Getting Started, Structure, Tone, Transitions, Editing, Logic, Formats, Rhetorical Patterns, Argumentative Essays, Research Papers, among other topics, with sample essays
[16] How to Write an Essay
A step-by-step tutorial on how to write an effective essay for late high school or early university.; Topics include Research, Proposal, Compiling your notes, Planning the essay, Writing the essay, The finished product, Extras that make essays stand out, and Examples of good and bad writing
[17] Step by step, paragraph revision, from Interlink Language Centers

[18] Writing Machine, from the IT Integration Project of The English Centre, University of Hong Kong
Introducing the academic essay; Topics, titles, introductions; The body of the essay; Inside the paragraph: cohesion and topicalisation; Inside the paragraph: functional and propositional development; Writing conclusions; Academic versus nonacademic writing; Sources of data and bibliographies; Note taking from written sources; Editing and proofreading
[19] The Writing Room, from John’s ESL Interactive
Writing Tutorials; The Writing Process; Sentence Structure; Simple Sentences; Compound Sentences; Complex Sentences; Sentence Fragments; Run-on Sentences; The Passive Voice; Writing Paragraphs
[20] Guide To Writing a Basic Essay from Kathy Livingston
Decide on your topic
Prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas
Write your thesis statement
Write the bodyWrite the introduction
Write the conclusionAdd the finishing touches
[21] Kids News Room
Kid Style News for Kid Style People, a twice-monthly newsmagazine featuring news, games, information and submitted articles from kids and schools from around the United States, and offers student, parent, and teacher educational resources
[22] Application Essay Writing 101, from
Lesson One: Tackling the Question
Lesson Two: Brainstorming a Topic
Lesson Three: Structure and Outline
Lesson Four: Style and Tone
Lesson Five: Intros and Conclusions
Lesson Six: Editing and Revising
Online ESL Writing Worksheets (Motivating and thought-provoking ESL Writing worksheets for students)
[23] Writing, from Language and Learning Online (Monash University)
General writing
Writing essays
Writing reports
Writing postgraduate literature reviews
Editing your honours or postgraduate thesis
What makes a good essay
What makes a good review
Writing for subjects
Art & Design
Business and Economics
Information Technology
[24] Activities, from Lauri’s ESL Website
Make a Story 1 (Flash)
Make a Story 2 (Flash) (Thanks to Jeremy Taylor)
[25] Learn English Writing, from Learn English Free with Teacher Joe
Sample compositions with comments and improvements; Write English paragraphs using the "PREP" formula; Write Powerful Introductions! Write Memorable Conclusions! Write English sentences well.
[26] Writing, from Michael Buckhoff’s ESL Website for Teachers and Students
Appropriate Word Choice Exercises; Correcting Comma Splices, Run-ons, and Fragments Exercises; Editing Practice Exercises for the TWE; TWE Sample essay; Making Sentences More Concise Exercises; Recognizing Common Errors in Writing Exercises (subject-verb agreement, pronouns, differentiating between adjectives and adverbs, and verb tenses); Recognizing other ESL Errors in Writing Exercises (articles, auxiliary and main verb usage, using modals, and have + past participle, i.e.., ed, en, or irregular forms); Scoring Practice TWEs Exercises; Sentence Variety Exercises
[27] ESL Writing Skills, from 5 Minute English
Using Parentheses; Using Quotation Marks; Capitalization; Spelling when adding "-ing"
[28] Oswego High School Online Writing Guide
Lessons on how to create outlines, write traditional essays, thematic essays, and DBQ essays, and crafting a thesis statement and writing a thesis paper
[29] Paper Lake Times
Students learn journalism through articles and quizzes, write their own stories and interview sources, and receive advice from working journalists.
[30] Paradigm Online Writing Assistant
Choosing Your Subject
Freewriting The Whole and Its Parts
Planning, Freewheeling, Adjusting
The Journalists' Questions
Various sections on organizing, revising, editing, informal essays, thesis/support essays, argumentative essays, exploratory essays, and documenting
Online writing tutorial; takes students through the actual steps of writing a paragraph
[32] Writing User-Friendly Documents, from Plain Language
Introduction - How Can We Be Better Writers?; Summary of Techniques for Better Writing; Engage Your Readers; Write Clearly; Write in a Visually Appealing Style; More About Techniques for Better Writing; Identify Your Audience; Organize Your Documents Carefully; Use a Question-and-Answer Format; Use "You" to Speak to the Reader; Use Pronouns to Represent the Reader and to Refer to the Agency; Use Active Voice; Use Short Sentences; Address One Person, Not a Group; Use the Present Tense; Use "Must" to Indicate Requirements; Place Words Carefully; Use If-Then Tables; Avoid Words and Constructions that Cause Confusion; Use Lots of Informative Headings; Divide Your Material Into Short Sections; Limit Each Paragraph to One Topic; Use Lots of Lists
[33] Plain Language Online Training
PlainTrain or the Plain Language Online Training Program, offers helpful tips and techniques for improving your communication skills with the use of plain language; topics include Digest; Introduction; Reader And Purpose; Organizing Ideas; Appropriate Words; Simple Sentences; Effective Paragraphs; Design; and Testing
[34] Guides to Writing, from Presbyterian College
Principles of good writing for various subject matters (Art; Biology; English; History; Mathematics; Music; Political Science; Psychology; Religion; Sociology)
[35] The Process of Writing, from Rio Salado College Online

[37] 11 Rules of Writing
Concise guide to some of the most commonly violated rules of writing, grammar, and punctuation andintended for all writers as an aid in the learning and refining of writing skills
[38] Writing With Writers, from
Biography Writing; Descriptive Writing; Folktale Writing; Mystery Writing; Myth Writing; News Writing; Poetry Writing; Speech Writing; Writing a Book Review
[39] Silver Chips Online
Online version of award winning student newspaper of Montgomery Blair High School's (, Silver Spring, Maryland, USA; a forum for community expression run entirely by students and working closely with print counterpart
[40] Story Quest
Tells how to write and share a good story; topics include POWERS Writing Process (Prepare; Organize; Write; Edit; Rewrite), The Standard Writing Process; How to Proofread Your Paper; How Should Your Paper Look; The Brain Drain Writing Process
[41] Writing for the Web, from Sun Microsystems
Written by Jakob Nielsen, distinguished engineer; PJ Schemenaur, technical editor; and Jonathan Fox, editor-in-chief, on how users read on the Web and how authors should write.Topics include Difference Between Paper and Online Presentation; Working With a Designer:; Scannability; Navigation; Writing to Be Read: Headlines and subheads; lists, captions, and hyperlinks; Writing to Be Found; Terms to Avoid; Editorial Review of Web Pages:; Web Facts: Significant improvements in all metrics
[42] Writing Resources, from The Emory Writing Center Emory University
Conceptualizing Your Essay; Quoting Sources; Research; Conclusions; Introductions; Titles; Thesis Statements; Revision and Editing; Argumentation; Documentation Formats; Suppor; Evidence; Grammar; Paragraphs; Style; Transitions; Avoiding Plagiarism
[43] The Five Paragraph Essay Wizard
Resource for grades 5-9 and advanced learners for students to learn to write a five paragraph essay; topics include Structure of the Essay; Getting Started; How to Write the Essay; Editing, Revising, and Evaluating; Expository Essay and Prompts; Narrative Essay and Prompts; Persuasive Essay and Prompts; General Writing Prompts for Your Use; Tips and Techniques for Effective Essays
[44] Online Writing Lab, from The OWL at Purdue
The Writing Process
Creating a Thesis Statement
Developing an Outline
Proofreading Your Writing
Starting the Writing Process
Writer's Block/ Writer's Anxiety

Professional, Technical, and Scientific Writing; Job Search Writing; General Academic Writing; Research and Citation; Grammar and Mechanics; English as a Second Language; Literary Analysis and Criticism; Writing in the Social Sciences; Writing in Engineering; Creative Writing; Teaching Writing
[45] Strategies to succeed in Writing, from The School for Champions
Affirm Your Esteem as a Writer; Getting Started by Writing a Journal; Getting the Reader's Interest; Importance of a Good Vocabulary in Writing; Computer-Based Grammar Checkers; Creative Methods; Enhance Writing Creativity Using Graphical Outlines; Outlining Enhances Writing Creativity and Productivity; Writing by DictationSimple Plot and a Random Story Generator; Computer-Aided Writing; Aid for Writing a Short Speech; Aid for Writing a Book Report; Types of Writing; Screenplay writing; The Screenplay Paradigm; Speech writing; Succeed by Studying Great Speeches; Children's stories; Interpreting Aesop's Fables to Teach Values; Technical Writing; Succeed in Technical Writing - lessons on technical writing methods and getting a job as a technical writer
[46] The Write Site
An interactive language arts and journalism project for middle schools developed by ThinkTVNetwork, Dayton, Ohio (An OET/SchoolNet Project), teaching students how to do research and discover their own writing style
[47] Grammar Workout, from The Writer’s Complex (Empire State College SUNY)
Academic Writing
What is Academic Writing?; Values in Academic Writing; Key Terms in Academic Writing; Types of Academic Writing; Strategies for Academic Writing

Essay Writing Workshop (Grammar Workout)
Essay Definition; The Nature of the Beast/Academic Writing; Prewriting; Developing Ideas for Writing/Prewriting; Working with Prewriting: Moving from Self to Subject; Gathering Information; Shaping Information; Thesis Definition; Thesis Characteristics; Analyzing the Thesis to Gather and Shape Information; More Information on Analyzing the Thesis; Topic Sentence Definition; Ordering Information in the Body of the Essay; Transitions; Outlining; Building the Essay Draft Revising; Research Paper in Progress
[48] The Writing Process, from The Writing Center of Cleveland State University
Invention; Critical Reading; Thesis; Organization; Paragraphing; Word-Processing; Revision; Documentation; Proofreading
[49] Stages of the writing process, from The Writing Center of University of Wisconsin – Madison
Planning to Write: Preparing to Write a Play Review; Reading Poetry to Write About It; Reading a Nonfiction Book to Review ItCreating an Argument: Thesis vs. Purpose Statements; Developing a Thesis Statement; Planning and Writing a Research PaperWorking with Sources: Quoting and Paraphrasing Sources; Using Literary Quotations; Citing Sources in Your Paper; Drafting and Revising Your Paper: Peer Reviews; Finishing Your Paper

Twelve Common Errors: An Editing Checklist; How to Proofread your PaperLetters and Application Essays; Literary Analysis Papers; Proposals andDissertations; Research Papers; Reviews; Scientific Reports
{50] How To Answer Esssay Questions (Powerpoint) and How To Write the Five Paragraph Essay, from The Writing Page

[51] Time for Kids
Time Magazine’s new site for kids, containing national news, world news and the latest news from talented kids of the entertainment world
[52] Tips for Writing an Essay
Presents a simple five-step approach
[53] Improving Your Style, from University of Guelph

[54] Online Guide to Writing and Research, from the University of Maryland University College (UMUC)
College Writing
The Writing Process
Thinking Strategies & Writing Patterns
The Research Process
Academic Integrity & Documentation
Assessing Your Writing
Writing Plan & Project Schedule
[55] Writing. from the University of Toronto
Advice on Academic Writing
Planning & Organizing; Reading & Researching; Using Sources; Specific Types of Writing; Style & Editing; Grammar & Punctuation; ESL Answers
[56] Text Content Analysis Tool, from Using English
Simply write or paste text you want to analyze (up to 500KB in size) and this website’s free text analysis tool will give you statistics on word count, unique words, number of sentences, average words per sentence, lexical density, and the Gunning Fog readability index. More detailed statistics are available to members.
[57] The Nuts and Bolts of College Writing, from Washington College
Topics include Thinking, Style, Structure, Evidence, Mechanics
[58] What Makes a Good Story?
Through a classic short story, "A Jury of Her Peers," by Susan Glaspell, you'll solve the mystery of whether Minnie Wright killed her husband and learn the about story's literary elements and structure through an interactive exhibit
[59] Tips-o-matic, from Writing Den
Helpful tips on writing sentences, paragraphs and essays
[60] Writing, from World English
[61] YouthInkIt
YouthInk Publications Society is non-profit charitable organization dedicated to promoting literacy in Youth through journalism, communication, publishing and special projects; Teaches young people how to do interviews, write copy, and use HTML to publish on the web; Explores current environmental and social issues. Helps students get their writings published. Requires free registration.
[62] Online journalism training, from JPPROF the website for teaching journalism (by Prof. James Glen Stovall of the University of Tennessee)
Discussion of skills (reporting, writing, editing, photojournalism, graphics design, web journalism, opinion writing and broadcasting), issues (news, practices, law, history, ethics), industry (newspapers, magazines, radio and television, news web sites), and with grammar exercises for students.
[63] Making better presentations
Seven steps to better presentations by Jeff Veen
How to give a great presentation by D. Keith Robinson
How to get a standing ovation by Guy Kawasaki T
The problem with presentations by Doc Searls
Great and witty video on giving better presentations (uses Hollywood movie posters and discusses among others The Morgan Freeman Rule)